Damascus (Syria News) The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) has issued a detailed report to review the most important humanitarian need in Syria for the year 2018, and the expected number of the affected people, Enab Baladi reported on Wednesday.
The report indicated that 13.1 million Syrian citizens need humanitarian aid, while 5.6 million of them are struggling to survive, due to the displacement, exposure to hostilities, and limited access to basic goods and services.
The ongoing clash is the main reason behind the need for humanitarian aid, the report explained. Several Syrians face a daily struggle to survive, it added.
The report also pointed out, “There are some 2.98 million people living in hard-to-reach areas, including 419,000 in UN-declared besieged areas. This entails a reduction of some 1.9 million people living in hard-to-reach areas over the last year.”
“Although there has been increased access to many areas in the northeast of Syria, the needs of people in UN-declared besieged and hard-to-reach areas continue to be exceptionally severe due to arbitrary restrictions on the freedom of movement of the civilian population; the inability to access basic commodities, services or humanitarian assistance; physical insecurity; and persistent challenges to deliver humanitarian assistance,” the report added.
At the same time, hostilities continued to fuel large-scale displacement in Syria, at an average rate of 6,550 displaced each day. Those people newly displaced as well as some 750,000 people living in last resort sites face particularly acute needs due to a convergence of humanitarian risk factors. Similar levels of exposure to protection risks and challenges in accessing basic services are also faced by overburdened communities, spontaneous returnees and people living in areas with high intensity conflict, with millions across Syria affected.
Civilians in Syria continue to face an ongoing protection crisis. Amid active hostilities in many parts of the country, humanitarian actors remain concerned by the high levels of civilian casualties that continue to be reported and point to violations of international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law (IHRL), including the prohibition on launching indiscriminate attacks and of the principles of proportionality and precaution.